Galižana and surroundings of Galižana
A place that has historically been known since it was a prehistoric settlement (gradina), and in Roman times as a "sors" it is a rural area of Pula, which belonged to a war veteran gens Gallije. Numerous archaeological findings from the Roman era were found in that area and stored in the Archaeological Museum in Pula, or are still unexcavated.
As the fee of the bishops of Pula, Galižana was from IX.
Century one of the few places spared of the infections that spread during the XVI and XVII. century, which decimated Istrian population. While Pula, Poreč, Novigrad and other places were devastated, indigenous population of Galižana still thrived preserving and transferring the customs, costumes and traditions to the offspring as well as Istrian - Roman dialect that is still used despite the demographic changes during the decades.
Galižana is an old town full of monuments such as the church of St. Justin on the cemetery, three-aisled Romanesque basilica with an apse built in the shape of a square from IX. century on earlier early Christian church; the parish church of St. Rocco was built in 1613th year and it was restored in the XIX. century with an elegant 36 meter high tower with 5 wall moldings, vaulted with octagonal tower above the tower window with a four-sided Romanesque biforas; on the outskirts of town is the medieval church "La Concetta" (XII. century) with the original "balcony" and a wooden crucifix from XIII. century.
In the historic center of characteristically rural architecture, made out of Istrian stone, there are two old churches: church of St. Anton with the remains of early Romanesque sculpturing built into the façade and with Glagolitic inscription above the doorway portals, while in the north, there is St. Joseph with a small bell tower and nave inner rounded apse. Galižana now has 1500 inhabitants mostly affiliated to the Italian community that nurtures songs, dances, music, and special clothing, features of their deep roots.
As this is an agricultural region, the population is predominantly engaged in viticulture, olive growing and livestock producing excellent wine and premium olive oil (thanks to traditional presses with stone millstone that are still in use), goat cheese and other local products. The area south of the place is intended in the first place for a small industry. It's development favors Galižana connections with other regions: by rail Divača - Pula and by regional road Vodnjan - Pula and Galižana – Fažana.
Surroundings of Galižana
In the immediate vicinity of Galižana remains of other Early Christian churches can still be seen: the aisleless Church of St. Maurus (7th century), Church of St. Peter, medieval chapel of St. Sylvester, and the ruins of the chapel of St. Peregrine between Galižana and Fažana.